Labor economists and various surveys have said the pandemic and consequent job and income losses have pushed tens of millions of Indians into poverty in the last few months.
The Indian economy too has been heavily hit. Experts have forecast the Indian economy could begin to recover only by August 2021, on the back of a U-shaped turnaround from the slump caused by the second wave. But without employment, the demand would not surge to the extent it is needed. For economic recovery, normalcy has to be restored to the job market through short-term, medium-term and long-term policies.